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SCIENTIST ROPUI STEPHEN HAWKING CHANCHIN I HRIAT LOH 7

SCIENTIST ROPUI STEPHEN HAWKING CHANCHIN I HRIAT LOH 7

 

Kum 1942 January ni 4-a piang Stephen William HawkingCH CBE FRS FRSA (/ˈstiːvən ˈhɔːkɪŋ/) hi English theoretical physicistcosmologist, thuziak mi leh University of Cambridge hnuaia Centre for Theoretical Cosmology Director of Research ni lai mek a ni a.

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  1. NAUPANG BAWRHSAWM LEH SEPSEL; Stephen Hawking hi a naupan laiin lehkhathiam thei a ni ngai lo va, kum 8 mi a nihin ziak leh chhiar a thiam chang chang a, a tleirawl chhuah a tangin a tuina zawngah a kal fuh hlauh va, a ţhiante nen computer an remkhawm a, hun leh vansang lam chanchin lamah a tuihalna leh a hriatchak zawng a zir ta a, a chemkalna zawng taka a lo ni a, a tui zawng tak a zir hnu hian a ngaihtuahna a sawrbing thei ta hle a, kum 17 mi a lo nih chuan physics a thiam thei ta hle a, scholarship a hmu ta hial a ni. 

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  1. NATNA KHIRH TAKIN A TLAKBUAK; Cambridge University-a a luh tirhin vura a tlengnaah a chesual ta hlauh mai a, natna țihbaiawm leh khirh tak, the degenerative motor neuron disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) a vei tih hmuhchhuah a ni ta a, an hriat tirh chuan kum hnih leh a chanve chiah dam thei turah ngaih a ni a. A blessing in disguise, malsawmna inthup, hla siamtu-in “Ka dil loh zawk malsawmna” a tih ang deuhvin a chet theih lohna chuan a ngaituahna sawrbing theina namen lo a neihtir ta thung a, van thengrengah a ngaituahna zawng zawng nen a leng veng veng thei ta a ni.

  2. ONE EQUATION@FORMULA ; Hawking hringnun hi ziak sen a ni lo ang a, equation pakhat chuan a ziah theih thung. He a formula 1974 kuma a hmuhchhuah hian mihring ngaihtuahna reng rengin a hriat phak loh quantum theory, general relativity leh thermodynamics te chu thil chi khatah a suihfin thei ta vek a, black hole chanchinte leh van thengreng chanchinte pawh a ngaihruat theih phah ta a ni.

  3. ŢAWNGNA KHAWL VUAHSAK; A natna an hmuhchhuah tirha dam rei lo tura an ngaih kha a paltlang thei a, mahse 1985 kum Geneva-a a zin tumin pneumonia natnain a tlakbuak thut a, nikhaw hre lovin a awm a, oxygen pek a ngai ta hial a, tracheotomy operation an neih hnu chuan Hawking chu a thaw thei a, mahse a dam chhung a țawng chhuak thei dawn tawh lo va, speech synthesizer an tih khawl hmangin an țawngtir ta a ni.

  4. BIANG SAWI ATANGA
    ŢAWNGNA KHAWL ; Hawking țawngna khawl synthesizer hi California-based company called Words Plus siam a ni a, Apple II computer speech program, Equalizer an tih hmangin Hawking-a’n a kutzungtang hmangin a hawrawp duh zawng a chhu a, țawng angin a rawn richhuak ta țhin a ni. Tunah chuan Hawking hian a kut zungţang pawh a tichhe thei ta lo va, a tarmit-ah infrared an vuahsak a, a biang a tihsawih leh a tihchet dan a zir-a tawng ri chhuak thei tur khawl an siamsak leh ta a ni.

  5. THUZIAKMI STEPHEN HAWKING; A
    ţawng thei tawh lo va, a kut zungțang tak ngial pawh a tiche thei tawh lo. A indawm kun ringawt lo va, a thil zirchhuah tam tak leh a ngaihtuahnate chu khawvel hriat atan ziahchhuah ngei a ngai si! A fanu Lucy ţanpuina-in kum 1988 khan ‘A brief History of Time’ a ziak puitling thei a, hralh a kal fu mai, A ma chanchin bakah science-themed novel te a la ziak zel.

  6. MI HUAISEN, HNEH THEIH LOH NUN NEITU; Hetiang khawpa taksa bawrhsawmna leh rual-ban-lohna-in a tlakbuak chung hian a piansualna hi a zahpui ngai lo va,TV-ah pawh a inlan hreh phah ngai lo va, 1993 kuma Star Trek The Next Generation-ah pawh a changtupa-ah
    ţangin Albert Einstein leh Isaac Newton te nen an in dos-bati lem a chang a, 1997 kuma tihchuah Stephen Hawking’s Universe mini series leh 2013 kuma siam Hawking documentary-ah pawh a inlan a ni.
Everything formed in the Big Bang (Credit: Detlev van Ravenswaay/Science Photo Library)
Everything formed in the Big Bang (Credit: Detlev van Ravenswaay/Science Photo Library)

HAWKING THIL HMUHCHHUAHTE;

 

  • Tun lai khawvela scientist la dam zinga ropui bera an ngaih physicist Stephen Hawking hian black holes awmdan e a hrilhfiahin khawvel lo pianchhuah dante a zirbing a. Tun hma atanga mithiamte thil hmuhchhuah leh ngaihtuah gravitation, cosmology, quantum theory, thermodynamics leh information theory te chu Hawking hian zaikhatah a rawn luantir thei ta a, chu chu a ropuina lai tak chu a ni a, a thil hmuhchhuah hi science zir ve lo, mi naran tan chuan ngaihruat thiam a harsa deuh mai thei.

  • Sir Isaac Newton khan apple rah tla a hmuh atangin khawvelin a lo hriat ngai reng reng loh gravitation leh gravity kha a rawn hmuchhuak a, thirhipthei magnet field ang ni lo, field dang dai tak hi heng N
    ĩ leh Thla leh khawvel ang thil sakhat lian tak tak te hian van thenrengah khian an siam niin a ring a. Albert Einstein khan Newton ngaihdan chu rawn phet thla-in theory of general relativity atang chuan lei leh van leh nĩ-te khian van thenreng-ah khian inhipna field an siam a ni lo va, van thenreng khian field a nei hranpa ve hrim hrim a, a property pakhat a ni e, a rawn ti ta a.
Massive objects warp space and time around them (Credit: NASA/Science Photo Library)
Massive objects warp space and time around them (Credit: NASA/Science Photo Library)
  • Marble hi thleng kum-ah hian chak takin lir ta se, tibuaitu a awm loh chuan a lir reng mai dawn a ni, chutiang chiah chuan kan chenna khawvel pawh hian nĩ khi a helna ngaiah a hel ta reng mai a ni, engvang nge tih chuan Ni khi a mass ( a sakhatna) a lian em mai a, a chhehvela van thengrengah khian khur ang curve an siam vang a ni, Einstein chuan a ti a.

  • Einstein theory pakhat lehah chuan van thenrenga thil sakhat lian lutuk mai, entirnan arsi lian lutukte hi amah leh amah a inhipna avangin a insawh muk tulh tulh a, a tawp a tawpah chuan a mup lutuk kha sihsen tiat leh hriau mawr tiat aia te singularity-ah a chang thut thei a ni, a ti . Chu thil muk intel khawmna chu a han muk mai mai khawp a, ni eng leh ni eng zungzam pawh a hip lut thei ta a ni, a ti. Chu thil muk rapthlak lutuk intelkhawm chu black hole an tih chu a lo ni ta a ni.
There is no escape from a black hole (Credit: Henning Dalhoff/Science Photo Library)
There is no escape from a black hole (Credit: Henning Dalhoff/Science Photo Library)
Black holes are collapsed stars (Credit: Henning Dalhoff/Science Photo Library)
Black holes are collapsed stars (Credit: Henning Dalhoff/Science Photo Library)
  • He Einstein ngaihdan hi Atom bomb siamtu zinga tel ve American physicist Robert Oppenheimer leh a thawhpui Hartland Snyder te chuan a thlawp thu 1939-a a paper present-ah a rawn sawi lang a. Chu mi hnu chuan Einstein theory hi scientist tam takin an awi thei lo va, a tham ral hman ţep a.
    • Hawking chuan 1959 kum atang khan University of Oxford-a a zirtan atanin tih tak takin a han bei ve leh ta a, Princeton University-a John Wheeler, UK-a Roger Penrose leh Soviet Union-a Yakov Zel’dovich-te nen an zir ta tak tak a.
    Hawking chuan University of Cambridge-ah cosmologist Denis Sciama kaihhruainain PhD a zir leh ta a, general relativity leh black holes lam a thlurbing ta a. Khatih laia mi nuihzatbur Big Bang Theory a han luhchilh ta tak tak a, a thluak
    ţhatna leh a rilru chakna leh a ngaihtuahna sawibing theihna chuan khaw eng leh beiseina thar a rawn hmuhtir ta zel a. Hawking chuan Big Bang chu Albert Einstein sawi singularity letling chiah, a insawrmuk zawng ni lo va, a puakdarh zawnga thil awm a ni tih a rawn hmuchhuak thei ta a ni. 
At quantum scales, things get weird (Credit: Mark Garlick/Science Photo Library)
At quantum scales, things get weird (Credit: Mark Garlick/Science Photo Library)
  • Penrose nen chu ngaidan chu an ziakchhuak ta a, 1970 kum khan paper an buatsaih thei ta a, general relativity ngaihdan chuan universe hi singularity atanga rawn insiam a ni, an rawn ti thei ta a ni.

  • 1970 kum tawp lamah chuan Hawking chu a natna a zual a, mangang taka zana a mut laiin mak tak maiin Black hole chungchang hriatna thar a ngaihtuah chhuak ta zut zut mai a, black holes awm zel dan tur te nen lam pek ang maileh hrilhtu awm ang maiin a hrechhuak ta zung zung mai a, Hlimsang
    ţawngkamin han sawi ta ila, thlarau pawlna a chang a ni ber e.
    • Hawking chuan black hole hi a te tial tial thei tawh lo va, a lian tual tual ziah a ni tih a rawn zirchhuak ta bawk a ni.

 

Particles appear and disappear (Credit: Equinox Graphics/Science Photo Library)
Particles appear and disappear (Credit: Equinox Graphics/Science Photo Library)
  • Black hole reng reng a tê zawngin an inphel sin ve thei ngai lo tih a hre chhuak thei ta bawk a.
Black holes should emit "Hawking radiation" (Credit: Richard Kail/Science Photo Library)
Black holes should emit “Hawking radiation” (Credit: Richard Kail/Science Photo Library)
  • A sei lutuk dawn duh tawk rih phawt mai ang.

 

Is all matter really made of tiny strings? (Credit: Mehua Kulyk/Science Photo Library)
Is all matter really made of tiny strings? (Credit: Mehua Kulyk/Science Photo Library)
Is the information that falls into a black hole truly lost? (Credit: Jean-Francois Podevin/Science Photo Library)
Is the information that falls into a black hole truly lost? (Credit: Jean-Francois Podevin/Science Photo Library)
The universe began with a Big Bang (Detlev van Ravenswaay/Science Photo Library)
The universe began with a Big Bang (Detlev van Ravenswaay/Science Photo Library)

Courtesy; BBC & Bio.
http://www.bbc.com/…/20160107-these-are-the-discoveries-tha…
http://www.biography.com/ne…/stephen-hawking-biography-facts

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